Women all around the world can rejoice about one survival advantage, that is, that they outlive men.
According to reports, the survival rate for females is 81.2 years, compared to 76.4 years for males, despite being afflicted by health conditions as they age.
So, why do women live longer than men, and is there anything men can do to boost their life expectancy?
Men are more likely to have work-related injuries and stress, which can lead to heart diseases. They tend to do more unhealthy things, like smoke cigarettes, or drink heavily. However, these social trends vary across cultures.
In the meantime, men should work on their biggest killers, which include: high blood pressure, heart diseases, and tobacco, to boost their life expectancy.
High Blood Pressure
Men with high blood pressure should opt to eat more lean meat. A study published in the Journal of Human Hypertension, found people with high blood pressure who replaced eight percent of their daily calories from bread, cereal, potatoes, or pasta, with lean red meat, had a four-point drop in their systolic blood pressure in eight weeks.
This suggests a moderate protein diet that emphasizes lean beef, as the main protein can reduce blood pressure, compared to a diet that was lower in protein, and higher in carbohydrates and saturated fat.
A high-dairy intake can slash a man’s risk of heart diseases by about a third. A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, found that consuming three or more servings of dairy per day, can reduce heart diseases risk, but researchers do not know how exactly this works.
Other studies have shown that calcium and magnesium, can lower a man’s blood pressure.
Smoking and Drinking
Drinking alcohol and cigarette smoking, cause premature death, with the life expectancy for smokers being at least 10 years less than that for non-smokers. However, quitting smoking before the age of 40, reduces the risk of dying from smoking-related diseases by about 90 percent, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
A study published in the British Medical Journal, found out that smokers who saw their results from a saliva-based nicotine test, were 17 percent more likely to quit. Seeing progress while trying to quit, helped motivate the participants to not relapse.
Although, adult women do live longer than men, they however, tend to have worse health as they age, especially bone and joint issues. It is further believed, that these later-in-life health issues, combined with different hormones, give women an ironic advantage, as their health problems might activate immune responses, which could protect those joint issues, and that could ultimately lead to a longer life.
This biological mystery does exist, but Scientists still need to do a lot more research on people of all sexes and ages, to solve the puzzle.
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